What Are the Most Common Forms of Intellectual Property?

Intellectual property (IP) refers to innovations of the mind, such as inventions, scholarly and creative works, patterns and marks, names and likenesses used in trade and business. All IP is protected by the various laws in existence locally, regionally nationally, and internationally. Laws exist for patents, trademarks, copyright, service marks, trade secrets and more.

What is a Patent?

A patent is an absolute right granted for an invention, which is a product or a method that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or proposes a new specialized solution to a problem. To obtain a patent, methodological information about the invention must be revealed to the public in a patent application. The process for obtaining a patent is complex. If you are interested in obtaining a patent, you should first visit this website: The US Patent and Trademark Office. Once you have begun to understand this process and the associated laws you can apply for a patent. However, keep in mind this is a complex process and using an attorney specializing in patents would be the best avenue to use.

What is copyright?

Copyright is a legal term used to illustrate the rights that creators have over their literary and artistic works. Creations covered by copyright range from books, music, paintings, sculpture, films, computer programs, databases, advertisements, maps, technical drawings, and more. Copyright is not a complex IP to apply for and most people can easily complete a form and submit their work. Be sure to visit the Copyright Office online to learn everything you need to apply for a copyright, including fees, what to submit, etc: US Copyright Office.

What is a trademark?

A trademark is a sign which distinguishes between goods or services of one company from those of other companies. Trademarks are safeguarded by intellectual property rights. Trademark protection can be obtained through registration, by completing an application for registration via the trademark office and paying the required fees. The website is the same as for patents.

What is a Service Mark?

A service mark is a mark that distinguishes between services. Businesses use service marks to connect their services and differentiate them from other services in the same field. Service marks consist of letters, words, symbols, and other devices that help notify consumers about the origin or source of a particular service. Registration can be completed at the US Patent and Trademark Office.

What is a Trade Secret?

The Uniform Trade Secrets Act (“UTSA”) classifies a trade secret as: information, including a formula, pattern, compilation, program, device, method, technique, or process that produces independent economic value. These secrets are either tangible or impending, and generally are not known or easily discovered by other persons who might receive monetary value from its revelation or use; and is the focus of efforts that are logical under the conditions to preserve its secrecy. There are two basic situations in which acquiring the use of a trade secret is illegal. If a trade secret is acquired through illegal means or if through a breach of confidence then there is a legal standing for suit. Trade secrets may be obtained by lawful means such as private discovery, reverse engineering, and unintentional disclosure. The trade secret holder’s failure to take reasonable protective measures can allow this to occur. The misappropriation of trade secrets is considered a form of unfair competition. Reverse engineering is oftentimes restricted as found in computer programs.

What is Industrial Design?

An industrial design right is an intellectual property right that shields the visual design of objects that are not purely functional. An industrial design consists of the creation of a model, pattern or composition of a pattern or color, or permutation of a pattern and color in three-dimensional form containing aesthetic value. An industrial design can be a two- or three-dimensional prototype used to produce a product, industrial commodity or handicraft.

What is Trade Dress?

Trade dress is a legal term of art that generally refers to characteristics of the illustration of a product or its packaging or the design of a building that signifies the origination of the product to consumers.

What is Fair Use?

Fair use is any copying of copyrighted material done for a partial and that changes the purpose, such as to comment upon, disparage, or lampoon a copyrighted work. Such uses can be done without permission from the copyright owner. Fair use is a defense against a claim of copyright infringement.

Commentary and Criticism

If you are commenting upon or criticizing a copyrighted work a book review or any valid review, fair use principles allow you to replicate some of the work to accomplish your purposes.

These are the most common forms of intellectual property. If you decide that something you have created falls under one of the categories stated in this article, then you should look into registering the work or product. Be certain that what you are registering is not the same as what someone else has already registered.

Nail Care for, Men? Of Course!

It is often assumed when people mention nail care, that the recipients of such services would be women. Beautiful day spas continue to spring up all over America. These luxurious retreats offer women an escape from their hectic lives and offer some much deserved pampering. Sure, we may see the occasional advertisement for a “couples” massage or maybe even a “male” day at the spa. But when it comes to feet, many people imagine women with beautiful healthy nails polished in exquisite colors and designs.

So what do we do about the large percentage of men who simply need a safe and comfortable place to have their feet and nails professionally cared for? We can’t ignore the needs of thousands of men who are, in fact, perfect candidates for foot and nail care. Nearly 50% of people over the age of 60 have experienced onychomycosis, or toenail fungus. Once this infection takes hold, it can be very difficult to treat. Nails become yellow, thickened and brittle, often requiring the tools and expertise of a medical professional to treat.

Many men have difficulty maintaining good nail care because they cannot reach their feet. Hip and knee replacements are some common reasons, as are arthritis and back pain. Clipping one’s own nails when vision or balance problems exist could become a safety issue. Safety should always be a priority in cutting one’s nails since the possibility of nicking oneself could result in infection. This is especially important for diabetics, where progressive infection could lead to amputation.

Some men have painful corns and calluses which can interfere with their activity level. Regularly reducing rough areas of the feet, adding cushioning to susceptible areas, and moisturizing the feet daily, will delay the return of calluses. This will enable one to continue enjoying an active lifestyle.

Nail care for men needs to become the norm rather than the exception. Those who maintain healthy feet and nails are able to continue to participate in their favorite activities, and have fewer complaints of foot pain.

Some seniors reach a point where they think it is too late for foot care. Please know it is never too late. If you feel embarrassed by the condition of your feet or nails, please schedule a visit to have them cared for by your health care provider or foot care nurse. It will be the first step in a healthier you!

Choosing the Best Legal Service Provider

The legal service firm.Most of the giant law firms and the in house legal departments of huge enterprises have always been enjoying the benefits from legal service providers in India. However when it comes to hiring legal services, law firms in India are often confused about choosing the best law services provider who can meet their service requirements and expectations.

There are several fields you will need help from a professional services provider who has handled India patent issues previously like the problems in patent drafting India or issues with India corporate law. Apart from this the legal service provider chosen by you should also help in different legal services like trademark registration India, patent drafting India, design registration in India, company incorporation and several other legal services of India to name a few. Additionally the providers should also be equipped with the right staff that should include an Indian attorney, Indian lawyers and agents for other services.

Apart from this information, it is recommended that you ask the service providers several questions about their business in order to choose the best ones. Some of the questions you can ask are, ‘how long has your law firm been doing legal business in India, also ask them if they are a member of any local state or the national association, or find out about the legal professional they have worked with in the past and if the profession needs specific licensing or registration The most important information the client mist know is what kind of services the firm provides and the type pf lawyers they have staffed in the legal service firm.

The Best Health Benefits of Aloe Vera

There are many health benefits of aloe Vera:

  • Treating skin disorders
  • Promoting wound healing
  • Fighting allergies
  • Maintaining healthy hair and scalp
  • Treating teeth and gum disorders
  • Reducing inflammation and pain
  • Promoting healthy immune system

Elaborating further, aloe acts as a deep skin moisturizer, increasing collagen and reducing pigment formation. It cleans the skin by removing bacteria and also nourishes it. By eliminating dead skin cells, scars, wrinkles and blemishes are eliminated.

The aloe plant is very effective for cuts, boils, abscesses, cold sores and skin ulcers. The impurities are drained out and the natural healing process of the skin is sped up.

Because of allergies, pain and itching occur and aloe Vera acts as an anti-allergenic substance, allowing the body to deal the harmful substances.

Deep penetrating actions by aloe allows nutrients to access the scalp. It soothes scalp itching and the dead skin cells are discarded allowing new growth which combats dandruff and seborrhea infections.

The active aloe ingredients reduces inflammation of the gum and rids the mouth of pain. Mouth sores and surgical wounds heal better with the application of aloe gel.

Pure aloe also reduces body inflammation and pain by externally and internally attaching the symptom. As a juice it treats symptoms of IBS, indigestion colitis, peptic ulcers and even excessive stomach acid.

Because of its wide range of vitamins and minerals, aloe Vera is the best immune system stimulant. It creates in the body a better defense against viruses and bacteria and allows the body’s own healing abilities to tackle foreign substances.

A word of caution, Aloe Vera is not to be used as a substitute for genuine medical emergencies. A doctor should always be consulted prior to using aloe Vera especially if you are pregnant or have been diagnosed with diabetes or gall bladder problems.

Home Improvement Ideas for Every Area of Your Home

With the holiday season now just a memory, perhaps you find yourself with some time on your hands to devote to those big New Year’s resolutions-so you’ve been frequenting the gym, taking Sundays to prepare and freeze healthy recipes for the week and spending more time with your family and friends. But what about all those to-dos on your house that never seemed to get done in 2010?

Whether you’re looking to put your house on the market in 2011 or just want to make some positive changes for your family, here are some great home improvement ideas that will deliver the most bang for your buck that you can spend a winter weekend or two or three on implementing. If you live in a condo building make sure to speak with the homeowner’s association first about any changes you’re planning to make.

Kitchen and Bathroom Upgrades

Remodeling kitchens and bathrooms have the highest return on investment. You could replace the cabinetry or install energy-efficient appliances, but a surefire way to immediately up your kitchen’s visual appeal is to replace the counter-top.

For good or bad, the bathtub can be a focal point in your bathroom. If a new tub is in your budget, you could add a new model or a freestanding soaking tub to really increase your bathroom’s luxuriousness factor. Even just refinishing your existing tub can make it look brand new.

Let Their Be Light

Recessed lighting looks clean and doesn’t compromise headroom. It’s easily installed and will instantly brighten the room. You also might want to consider adding new windows or expanding existing ones in order to make a room seem larger and more inviting. Even just adding or moving electrical outlets and switches can allow for easier access to electricity, and improve the eyesores associated with electrical cords being visible throughout the room.

Better Flooring

New flooring is one of the best projects for whatever room you’ve decided to focus on, whether that includes carpet in the upstairs bedroom, hardwood floors throughout the downstairs or a unique tile in the bathrooms. People constantly can see and touch their floors, and prospective buyers will definitely be interested in the quality of your flooring when considering whether to make your home theirs.

Hide Unattractive Storage

If you live in a small space, you might not have a home office that can house an unsightly file cabinet. In that case, you probably have to hide your files in the open. This entails measuring fabric to the length and width of the cabinet and using hook and loop tape to attach the fabric to it. Or you can find extra storage space by using a skirting table, under which you could stack boxes. It pays to be inventive, and the pay off is extra room for your belongings without any additional eyesores in your home.

Electronic Medical Record (EMR) Pros and Cons

Within the last few years there as been an aggressive push on the part of government, professional organizations, and other authorities to institute a uniform EMR system. This includes generous subsidies allocated by recent legislation and mandatory legal requirements to occur in the next few years. As a practicing and academic physician with a masters degree in public health, I would like to briefly note some observations.

Intuitively, a uniform, easily accessible EMR seems like a very good idea. In fact, one of my major difficulties in practice occurs when a new patient arrives without copies of previous diagnostic studies or lists of medications. This is compounded in an incapacitated or elderly individual with many medical conditions and medications, and when there is a language barrier. Such patients may have great difficulty, or be incapable of, relaying this information to the new physician. To go online and immediately retrieve it would be very helpful indeed.

However, in these days of lower reimbursement and higher practice volumes, time spent imputing information may be time spent away from patient care. You may have experienced a visit where your doctor, using an EMR, has his eyes and hands on the computer much more than on you. I personally have accompanied relatives to physicians and emergency rooms where the doctor spent almost no time talking to, or examining the patient but instead sat in front of the computer, recording or retrieving information.

Also, these electronic records include templates where “check off” of existing information, rather than recording of original information is involved. This helps improve physician reimbursement by conforming with insurance company guidelines for level of service. It does little, however, to record the doctor’s thought processes or enhance the necessary medical information provided by this specific physician.

Don’t get me wrong. Good information is a good thing. But, it must be good for the patient and not just there to satisfy an insurance company. Also, it must contribute to, not detract from, the overall quality of care.

Give Your Home a New Look With a Fiber-Cement Siding

The exterior of a home is what protects against the elements. Having quality siding not only adds a great look to the home, but it also helps a home last as long as possible. There are many different types of siding available to homeowners from aluminum to wood to vinyl, but none of them can offer the protection that James Hardie Siding can. This is a fiber cement siding that comes in many different colors and styles. The siding is made to withstand the elements, protect the home and last as long as the house itself. The siding does not give in to typical wear and tear issues like water damage, insect damage, fading or rusting.

The installation of siding is where much of the expense comes from for homeowners. With James Hardie Siding, the installation costs are going to be less than with other materials. The design and measuring process that James Hardie Siding puts their potential customers through helps to get a very customized fit. This cuts down on the labor required to get the siding prepared for the installation. There are over four million homes nationwide that have chosen James Hardie for their siding installation, and that is a testament to the quality of the product.

Vinyl and aluminum siding are more vulnerable to the elements when compared to James Hardie Siding. Both of these materials will crack or break if something of great impact hits them. This could happen with a hail storm, or with debris that is picked up and thrown during high winds. Both vinyl and aluminum also need to be replaced sooner than James Hardie Siding because their structural integrity breaks down a lot faster. The siding can warp which can lead to damage being done to the home. The warping also looks bad so it can decrease the value of the home.

People want protection for their home, but they also want their home to look exceptional when they put up new siding. With James Hardie Siding, they have a color fast program that gives buyers access to a computer system that helps with the design process. Picking out the siding colors, getting measurements and even seeing a virtual image of what the siding will look like can all be done through this system. Homeowners take great pride in maintaining their living space, and the installation of James Hardie Siding is a huge positive step toward that goal. There is no other siding on the market that can provide this level of protection, durability and style.

What Does a Notary Public Do and Why?

Notary Public is important to the legal system as many court documents must be notarized. A notary public is a person authorized by the Secretary of State to serve the public in non-contentious matters and has statutory powers to witness documents, administer oaths, and perform other wide-ranging administrative functions of a national and international nature. The main functions of a notary include:

· Attesting documents and certifying their due execution for use
· Preparing and certifying powers of attorney, wills, deeds, contracts and other legal documents
· Administering oaths
· Witnessing signatures to affidavits, statutory declarations, powers of attorney, contracts, and other documents
· Verifying documents
· Certifying copy documents
· Exemplifying official documents
· Notes and protests bills of exchange

A document is “notarized” with a special embossed notary seal to affirm that the signers are indeed who they say they are. Notaries Public affix their official seal or stamp, to documents immediately under, adjacent or as near as possible to their signatures.

The eligibility criteria for becoming a notary are determined by state law. Each state has its own requirements. Generally the person must be at least 18 years of age and either living or be employed in the state. There are no specific legal training requirements. Most states also require applicants to take and pass a proctored exam before practicing as a notary public. Some states ask that individuals secure a bond prior to applying for a position as a notary public. Once commissioned as a notary public, the commission is valid for a fixed term and must be renewed on expiry of the term. Most states prescribe the fees that a notary public can charge. A notary public must keep a record in a well-bound book of each of his or her attestations.

Notaries are expected to be familiar with the codes and ordinances applicable to notarizing documents and performing notary duties. A notary may be sued if his/her actions were negligent. Upon notification by a court of law that a notary has been convicted of false certification, the Secretary of State will revoke the notary’s commission. Errors and Omissions Insurance (commonly called E & O) is a form of liability insurance that protects the notary public from claims or suits that are the result of the notary’s negligent acts, errors or omissions.

Atlanta Real Estate Online

Atlanta real estate online services help you meet all your real estate needs in and around Atlanta. They help you to buy or sell your property or to relocate. These online services provide information on all residential and commercial properties for sale. Atlanta real estate online services are equally helpful for both experienced investors and first-time buyers.

There are hundreds of reliable websites offering you many kinds of Atlanta real estate services. Most of them have good listings of homes and other properties. They display high-quality photographs of homes and office buildings. In most cases, price tags are also provided. Certain real estate firms with online services make use of multiple listing services (MLS). Many companies offer mortgage help as well. Online real estate services usually monitor your deal from the very beginning to the final settlement.

Most Atlanta real estate agents foster their own websites. They provide huge area-wide lists of real estate properties. Information about some of the best real estate agents is also provided through various websites. These agents will help you make a market evaluation of properties, price your home, and pursue the various procedures involved in the buying or selling process.

Online Atlanta real estate services offer you many advantages, especially if you are an outsider. They offer direct access to various properties available for sale. These services keep you abreast of the changes in trends and help you make decisions accordingly. Atlanta’s online real estate is flourishing, owing to a rapid growth in the Atlanta population and the increased rate of employed people.

Why the Earth Your Home is Built on May Be Sick

Many of us spend our hard earned money and our valuable time with alternative health care in hopes of improving our health, mentally, physically, emotionally, and spiritually. However, in our pursuit of good health, we often overlook the important role our home plays in supporting that health.

If we are living in an unhealthy home, then all of our good work is negated and the improvement in our health remains elusive.

The earth your home is built upon may have energetic influences that are sick. That sick energy emitting from the ground may affect your own body’s energetic system by lowering your immune system.

We know through science, that everything is energy and we know that emotions have an energetic charge or signal. If there has been war, death, illness, sadness, divorce, or any other emotional or physical trauma occurring on your home’s property, then the energetic of those experiences may have left an energetic imprint that could be affecting your own body’s ability to heal.

The earth’s energy system of ley lines, geopathic stress – which is the electrical charge created as water moves along earth lines, and electro magnetic pollution emitting from all the electricity we are exposed to, may also contribute in creating an unhealthy home.

Think of it this way: Your body has a meridian system an acupuncturist might balance to help you regain or maintain health.

The earth has a similar system of meridian lines (ley lines, geopathic stress,) running in all directions and your home can act as an acupuncture point on the earth’s energy system.

Sometimes geopathic stress, (the earth’s meridian system) will run through a cemetery, landfill, toxic waste site, or underground water. When this happens the ley line or geopathic stress becomes toxic. Because ley lines and geopathic areas of stress are energy, they can affect everything they come in contact with. These toxic lines can radiate up from the earth and into your home.

This means, if your home is built on unhealthy toxic areas of geopathic stress, it can become an unhealthy environment for you to live in. Just like your body’s meridian system, the earth’s meridian system can be cleared and balanced bringing your home back to a state of health which can then support your pursuit of health and well being.